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Solution Focused Brief Therapy
Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) is a strength-based form of Psychotherapy. It was originally developed in the 1970`s and 1980`s by Insoo Kim Berg and Steve deShazer. The foundation of SFBT is about what is going right with client`s as opposed to the focus of many other forms of therapy which is on the problems that people are experiencing.
When someone decides to see a psychologist, it is usually because things are not going well in his or her life as he or she would like. There is usually some form of problem. People have a tendency to focus on the negative, but SFBT utilises Conversation and language to help shift the focus on what is working and create more solutions as a result.
Unlike many traditional forms of psychotherapy, SFBT is not based on any theory. It is not about solving problems, diagnosing mental illness, or healing sicknesses. There is not a focus on the past, such as one`s childhood, unless the therapist and client are discussing strengths and situations in which the client was resilient. SFBT is also not based on insight, unlike some approaches such as psychoanalytic theories.
Solution Focused Brief Therapy is a form of "brief therapy" it is not meant to continue for years. You can expect a simple approach based on clear, solution-oriented questions. There is an emphasis on simplicity, and the most simple way to the solution is the most preferable.
Practitioners of SFBT encourages individuals to imagine they future they desire and then work to collaboratively develop a series of steps that will help them achieve those goals. In particular, therapists can help those in treatment identify a time in life when a current issue was either less detrimental or mor manageable and evaluate what factors were different or what solutions may have been present in the past.
SFBT can be used to treat a variety of issues. It is most commonly used to address challenges for which the person in therapy already has some of the possible solutions. In SFBT, the person seeking treatment is considered the "expert" on their concerns, and the therapist encourages the individual to envision their solution, or what change would look like, and then outline the steps necessary to solve problems and achieve goals. Because this modaility focuses on solutions to issues, rather than the reasons behind them, it maybe more effective at treating some concerns than others.
SFBT is not recommended for those experiencing severe mental health concerns.
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